Grip arbors and chucks utilize a self-contained hydraulic system to expand or compress the sleeve within the gripping area to point within the elastic limits of the metal. The pressure is supplied through an internal piston assembly which can be actuated either manually or power assisted. The illustrations demonstrate a manual actuation to expand the arbor, or compress the chuck. Clockwise rotation of the actuator screw advances the piston which places the hydraulic system under great pressure. The chuck, Figure 1 – the compression area is limited by the position of the hydraulic seals. The arbor, Figure 2 – the expansion area is limited by the position of the hydraulic seals. There is no expansion of the gripping area beyond the hydraulic seal area. The gripping area of the arbor or chuck is under equalized pressure, with uniform expansion or compression about the geometric center, thus providing extreme accuracy in part positioning.
Chucking Size Range
Chuck: Minimum chucking diameter 1/16”
Arbor: Minimum chucking diameter 1/4”
Maximum chucking diameters for both arbors and chucks are limited by part and tolerance variables.
Expanding or compressing metals under hydraulic pressure is accomplished by working within the tested elastic limits of the metals being used. The general rule for expansion is .003 for the first full inch of chucking diameter and .001 for each additional inch of diameter. The following table lists typical expansion limits but these may vary somewhat due to the many variable factors for each specific application.
Work Holding Force
Hydraulically expanded arbors and chucks are custom engineered to embody the correct gripping force for each application. The gripping power may range from only a few pounds to several thousand pounds per square inch. They withstand rugged production operations—turning, hobbing, boring, grinding, etc., and handle the most delicate inspection operations over long periods.
Need for Greater Accuracy
Manufacturing tolerances throughout industry have been greatly reduced in recent years. In many instances conventional work holding devices are no longer capable of functioning within required production limits. In the manufacturing of precision parts the work or tool holding device must locate the part with consistent extreme accuracy so that the machine tools have the full benefit of the part tolerance. This must be accomplished without complicating the processing of machining operations whereby many non-critical part dimensions must be held to closer than necessary limits.
Applications of Hydraulic Tooling
A milling fixture with radial locator and tooling ball, used for gaging, the hydraulic arbor with split sleeves locates the part within 0.0002 true position for drilling 34 holes and milling 6 slots.
Jig Grinding Fixture
To locate and hold the bearing assembly within 0.0001 true position, while grinding the bearing diameter, a jig grinding fixture, with a hydraulic arbor and diamond locator is used.
Gear Check Arbor
A hydraulic arbor is used for locating a transmission ring gear within 0.0002 T.I.R. when checking gear runout on a motorized rolling fixture.
This squareness gage is used with a hydraulic arbor and split sleeve to expand into the shaft bores while checking the squareness of the mounting face of a marine engine gear case.